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Somali joint needs assessment : productive sectors and environment cluster report (Vol. 2) (Английский)

This report is a contribution to the Somali joint needs assessment mentioned in the foreword. It is aimed at providing a reconstruction and development program for the productive sectors in the economy and for the environment. The program is composed of actions on policy and investment, public and private. The main outcomes from the program of proposed investments are increased income generation, higher levels of employment, poverty reduction, and improved food security, with a heavy focus on isolated areas. The analysis of major issues in agricultural are considered separately in Somaliland, Puntland, and South Central Somalia because, despite a number of similarities, there are a number of different circumstances in each area which require specific attention. The focus in this report has been on development opportunities and the way in which these opportunities can contribute to improving the welfare of all Somalis. Despite the destruction and human suffering of the last 15 years there are considerable opportunities in all three areas covered. One reason for optimism about the future is the indefatigable energy and imagination that still exists among Somali leaders and entrepreneurs. Indeed, while many Somali physical, human, and social capital assets have been substantially depreciated; the Somali spirit is still strong. This report is clear about issues facing the environment and problems in the pastoral, agricultural, and fisheries subsectors, but it is optimistic that there is still time to take actions that will address most of the problems and lead to reconstruction and sustainable development, assuming a broad-based peace agreement.

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  • Автор

    Abdi Osman, Haji Abdi, Ahmed, Hassan Jibril, Ahmed, Jamal Haji, Ali, Mohamed Jama, Baker,Christopher F., Carthy, Gerry Mc, Jama, Mohamoud Askar, Noor,Mohamood Abdi, Odicoh, Roselyne Ayoo, Osman, Abdikarim Hassan, Van Holst Pellekaan,J. W., Tintchev,Svetoslav K.

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  • Название документа

    Somali joint needs assessment : productive sectors and environment cluster report

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    charcoal production;access to safe drinking water;information and communication technology;Natural Resources;productive sector;Public and Private Institution;reconstruction and development program;human resource development strategy;legal and regulatory framework;products of animal origin;livestock export;high level of employment;cgiar consultative group;international trade in livestock;sustainable natural resource management;united nations general assembly;Cost of Doing Business;degradation of natural resource;economic and social policy;production of livestock;chamber of commerce;Urban Water Supply;demand for charcoal;livestock sector;foreign direct investment;domestic animal population;transport of water;gum and resins;chambers of commerce;liters of water;supervision and guidance;private commercial bank;peace and development;illness and death;terms of trade;private business sector;civil society group;improved food security;international nongovernmental organizations;commercial banking system;roads and water;Public Expenditure Management;agriculture and livestock;power and water;provision of service;animal disease surveillance;sources of water;standard of performance;livestock service delivery;price for water;negative environmental impact;national development agenda;waste management infrastructure;irrigation and drainage;lack of transparency;production of charcoal;agricultural and food;alternative energy source;alternative energy supply;renewable fresh water;incentives for investment;education and health;verge of extinction;social capital asset;natural resource base;animal health service;duplication of efforts;means of transportation;marine resource management;human capital development;work long hour;public investment program;source of income;types of ship;source income;private investment;Livestock Production;Civil War;environmental issue;fisheries subsector;fishing industry;water resource;irrigation system;shallow wells;territorial water;Public Infrastructure;watershed management;agricultural sector;livestock industrial;chemical contamination;sustainable use;livestock industry;coastal towns;public health;tree crop;Disease Monitoring;gum arabic;livestock population;investment climate;absorption capacity;government institution;public policy;transparent legal;young child;formal banking;export income;rural area;certification system;artisanal fishermen;domestic consumption;trading partner;illegal fishing;export revenue;food safety;access road;dead tree;rural youth;income generation;wood resource;legal system;export ban;veterinary personnel;fishing practice;navigation aid;dry season;Child care;technical expert;health certification;nontraditional employment;economic investment;salt marsh;regenerative capacity;mangrove ecosystem;oil production;annual catch;international fishing;agricultural production;tertiary sector;geological structure;local fishermen;savannah woodlands;perennial rivers;wood product;central regions;targeted assistance;construction material;deforestation rate;Basic Education;marine habitat;base metal;corrective action;household income;employment generation;surface water;natural springs;traditional grazing;clearing forest;aerial photograph;agricultural zone;banana plantation;smallholder agriculture;water scarcity;water provision;wheel barrows;small operator;water delivery;urban distribution;public market;manual labor;productive use;general development;agroclimatic condition;maritime resources;live tree;agricultural crop;water sale;low-income family;productive capacity;plant species;communal land;underground aquifer;government protection;business environment;information collection;urban population;subsurface water;scientific data;strategic action;nomadic pastoralism;income generation activities;illegal export;alternative household;solar system;environmental intervention;seasonal rivers;biological richness;secure access;biological diversity;native grassland;forest coverage;water provider;public fund;credit program

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