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Women, Business, and the Law 2018 (Английский)

Women, business and the law 2018 is the fifth edition in a series of biennial reports measuring the legal obstacles to women who engage in economic activity around the world. Since the World Bank started this study a decade ago, our understanding has increased about how laws influence women’s decisions to start and run businesses or get jobs. The analysis draws on newly-collected data across seven indicators: accessing institutions, using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, going to court, building credit, and protecting women from violence. The study expands coverage to 189 economies around the world. The data show the challenge many women face in the quest for economic opportunity. One hundred and four economies still prevent women from working in certain jobs, simply because they are women. In 59 economies there are no laws on sexual harassment in the workplace. And in 18 economies, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working. By informing politicians about the legal obstacles to women’s economic opportunities, women, business and the law contributes towards promoting gender equality. The study celebrates the progress that has been made while emphasizing the work that remains to ensure equality of opportunity.

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  • Название документа

    Women, Business, and the Law 2018

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    basis of equality with man; equal pay for equal work; sexual harassment at work; equality before the law; labor force participation rate; access to agricultural credit; access to bank loan; equal basis with man; violence in the workplace; woman head of household; cost of hiring woman; violence against woman; freedom from discrimination; Rule of Law; freedom of movement; basis of sex; equality of opportunity; criteria for selection; disposition of property; right of women; protection of woman; act of discrimination; competent national tribunals; ownership of asset; discrimination in employment; restrictions for woman; labor market participation; opportunity for woman; international treaty law; international human right; access to women; court of cassation; law and regulation; public credit registry; small claims court; mandatory retirement age; promoting gender equality; access to property; privileges and immunity; issue of gender; land use right; dissolution of marriage; difference in wages; movement of person; entry of women; court & tribunal; social welfare program; civil legal aid; access to justice; voice and agency; allocation of asset; legal equality; property regime; maternity leave; property right; parental leave; marital property; average score; married woman; Gender Gap; statistical relationship; national parliament; legal capacity; gender difference; equal remuneration; public life; paid maternity; law indicator; regression analysis; legal restriction; positive relationship; ownership right; human rights; labor code; credit bureaus; income economy; Credit Score; equal right; public fund; family relation; legal obstacles; Land Registration; civil remedies; Reproductive Health; marital status; gender discrimination; social insurance; financial inclusion; median length; tax credit; employment opportunities; married couple; weighted average; composite measure; earned income; national legislation; Law Reform; employment opportunity; rural woman; career progression; public authority; hire woman; low-income economy; open bank; underground mine; industrial revolution; legal aspect; formal employment; elder care; unsafe working; safety standard; legal system; job prospects; Property title; child value; civil law; paid leave; Labor Law; preferential access; legal change; eliminating barriers; property ownership; increasing wage; rural land; land law; legal code; married man; night work; inheritance right; bank finance; Equal Opportunity; maternity protection; young child; Early Education; fair hearing; independent court; financial credit; gender disparity; thematic area; physical integrity; educational variable; civil liberty; job tenure; cash benefit; fundamental freedom; social allowance; family obligation; legal protection; economic independence; foster care; banking policy; gender stereotype; financial stress; career trajectory; law relate; cultural pattern; social security; greater access; joint family; parental investment; sanitary latrine; relative wage; gender earnings; market economy; cultural norm; constitutional court; utility company; tax deduction; hazardous job; family law; financial business; regulatory area; educational level; gender indicator; continuous policy; policy variable; women's right; agricultural landowners; Land Ownership; leave benefit; Independent States; copyright owner; social media; legal recourse; female citizens; criminal penalty; district court; commercial purpose; original work; sole responsibility; legal environment; regulatory environment; benefit equal; pension benefit; government support; childcare services; family code; labor productivity; law make; electronic passport; payment information; colonial powers; conducting business; gender inequalities; Maternal Health; paternity leave; Gender Inequality

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