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Crime and violence in Central America : a development challenge (Vol. 2) : Resumen ejecutivo (Испанский)

Crime and violence are now a key development issue for Central American countries. In three nations El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras crime rates are among the top five in Latin America. This report argues that successful strategies require actions along multiple fronts, combining prevention and criminal justice reform, together with regional approaches in the areas of drug trafficking and firearms. It also argues that interventions should be evidence based, starting with a clear understanding of the risk factors involved and ending with a careful evaluation of how any planned action might affect future options. In addition, the design of national crime reduction plans and the establishment of national cross-sectoral crime commissions are important steps to coordinate the actions of different government branches, ease cross-sectoral collaboration and prioritize resource allocation. Of equal importance is the fact that national plans offer a vehicle for the involvement of civil society organizations, in which much of the expertise in violence prevention and rehabilitation resides. Prevention efforts need to be complemented by effective law enforcement. The required reforms are no longer primarily legislative in nature because all six countries have advanced toward more transparent adversarial criminal procedures. The second-generation reforms should instead help deliver on the promises of previous reforms by: (i) strengthening key institutions and improving the quality and timeliness of the services they provide to citizens; (ii) improving efficiency and effectiveness while respecting due process and human rights; (iii) ensuring accountability and addressing corruption; (iv) increasing inter-agency collaboration; and (v) improving access to justice, especially for poor and disenfranchised groups. Specific interventions reviewed in the report include: information systems and performance indicators as a prerequisite to improve inter-institutional coordination and information sharing mechanisms; an internal overhaul of court administration and case management to create rapid reaction, one-stop shops; the strengthening of entities that provide legal counseling to the poor and to women; and the promotion of alternative dispute-resolution mechanisms and the implementation of community policing programs.

Подробная Информация

  • Дата подготовки документа


  • Тип документа

    Другие исследования проблем бедности

  • Номер отчета


  • Том


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Страна

    Центральная Америка,

  • Регион

    Латинская Америка и страны Карибского бассейна,

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  • Название документа

    Resumen ejecutivo

  • Ключевые слова

    accident, accountability, ACCOUNTING, age at marriage, aged, alcohol, armed conflict, ASSAULT, assault rate, Assaults, attorneys, bribery, BURGLARY, case management, civil society, civil society organizations, cocaine, coercion, community participation, confidence, CORRUPTION, courts, Crime, Crime Prevention, crime prevention measures, crime rates, crime reduction, crime statistic, crime statistics, CRIME VICTIMIZATION, Crime Victims, crimes, Criminal, criminal act, criminal activities, criminal activity, criminal behavior, criminal codes, criminal deportees, criminal investigations, Criminal Justice, criminal justice system, Criminal Justice Systems, criminals, delinquency, democracies, Democracy, deportation, domestic violence, drinking, Drug, Drug Abuse, drug abuse treatment, DRUG TRADE, drug traffickers, DRUG TRAFFICKING, DRUG USE, Drugs, due process, Early Childhood, Early Childhood Development, early childhood development programs, extortion, families, Firearms, Fraud, GANG, gang members, GANGS, gun, gun interdiction, Gun ownership, gun registries, GUNS, harm reduction, High crime, high-risk, HOMICIDE, homicide rate, homicide rates, homicides, human rights, incarcerated youth, Initiative, injuries, injury, INSECURITY, international comparisons, International Crime, international efforts, intervention, intimate partner, investigation, iron, judicial system, judiciary, juvenile justice, juvenile justice facilities, kidnappers, KIDNAPPING, law enforcement, lawlessness, laws, legal frameworks, legal systems, legislation, levels of crime, Lynching, Media, mentoring, migration, Murder, Murder rates, murders, Narcotics, Narcotics Control, needs of youth, offenders, organized crime, parenting, Penalty, perpetrators, Perpetrators of Violence, Police, police officers, political will, pre-trial detention, Prevention of Violence, prison, prisons, property crime, prosecution, prosecutors, prostitutes, public health, public officials, Public Opinion, rape, rates of crime, RISK FACTORS, robberies, ROBBERY, Rule of Law, secondary schools, security costs, sentencing, severe violence, sex, sex industry, sexual abuse, sexual assault, sexual relationship, sexual violence, slum, slum upgrading, slum-upgrading, social development, social isolation, Socioeconomic Status, street vendors, technical assistance, Terrorism, theft, thefts, torture, Trafficking, Transparency, trial, Victims, Victims of Violence, Violence, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, violence prevention, violent conduct, violent crime, war, weapon, Weapons, young men, YOUTH, youth activities, youth gangs, youth unemployment, YOUTH VIOLENCE

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