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Vietnam - National CFC and Halon Phase-Out Project : environmental assessment : Pest management plan (Английский)

The objective of the National Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and Halon Phase out Project is to assist the Government of Vietnam to phase out methyl bromide (MB) consumption for non-Quarantine and Pre-Shipment applications in accordance with the schedule stipulated in the Montreal protocol, the World Bank agreed to help the country develop a MB Phase - out plan. Some of the negative impacts of the project are as follows: (i) soil treatment with chemicals nematicides/fungicides effect directly and indirectly to human health and causing chemical contamination in soil, air and under ground water; (ii) soil treatment with copper sulphate leaving residue of heavy metal in the soil, causing contamination of products and causing chemical pollution of soil, air and under ground water; (iii) regular spray with fungicides effect directly and indirectly to human health and causing chemical pollution of soil, air and under ground water; and (iv) soil fumigation with MB causing depletion of Ozone. The mitigation measures are as follows: (i) development of pest control standards and hygiene requirements for storage facilities; (ii) training for MB users; (iii) training of local technicians and farmers; and (iv) termiticide products used by certified pest control operators.

Подробная Информация

  • Дата подготовки документа

    2008/04/17

  • Тип документа

    Оценка состояния окружающей среды

  • Номер отчета

    E1871

  • Том

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Страна

    Вьетнам,

  • Регион

    Восточная Азия и страны Тихоокеанского региона,

  • Дата раскрытия информации

    2008/04/17

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Название документа

    Pest management plan

  • Ключевые слова

    aluminum phosphide;pest control;chemical pesticide;alternative pest control;storage pest;soil fumigation;assessment of risk;high value crops;crop yield loss;insect pest;pest resistance;international quality standards;emergency response plan;scope of application;Operational Data Store;contamination of product;health and environment;Integrated Pest Management;control of pests;post harvest treatment;farmer field school;control of weed;fumigation company;carbon dioxide;chemical control;termite control;safe use;soil treatment;methyl bromide;soil solarization;ground water;crop rotation;fresh product;protective gear;legal requirement;export market;chemical use;agricultural production;electronic equipment;biological pesticide;soil surface;Vegetable Production;pest problem;management advice;top soil;heat treatment;national service;plant root;electric device;flea beetle;chemical pollution;cultivated area;average price;pesticide management;underground water;industrial crop;host plant;agricultural pest;crop loss;crop season;safe handling;organic matter;pesticide residue;paddy rice;acceptable risk;copper sulfate;soil ph;heavy metal;accidental poisoning;chemical contamination;surface soil;packaging material;water vapor;steam system;alternative pesticide;Ozone Depletion;chicken manure;bird control;treatment practices;disease management;pesticide company;residual insecticide;pesticide supplier;fungicide use;sustainable environment;soil fertility;pest damage;inspection system;special training;cultivation technique;toxic pesticide;import license;crop production;cultural practice;resistant variety;biological treatment;soil tillage;deep plow;soil pathogen;cover soil;soil layer;coffee industry;animal food;perishable product;food crop;insect species;specialized equipment;high mortality;grain storage;systematic surveillance;management technique;hydrogen phosphide;leaf disease;climate condition;crop growth;environmental pollution;insect resistance;fruit tree;water flow;feeding behavior;coffee plantation;historical data;animal pest;socioeconomic development;dry crops;soil degradation;plant pathogen;international market;root rot;highland areas;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;arable land;storage management;stated objective;production center;multilateral fund;arable area;pest species;integrated system;accidental spill;fire hazard;high concentration;environmental sustainability;insect control;integrated method;community conservation;production area;export commodity;specific gravity;organic technique;chemical treatment;regular surveillance;research program;national capacity;application method;specific issue;fungal pathogen;chemical fumigant;inert gas;manual control;botanical insecticide;storage facility;field conditions;mass media;hot spot;black cutworm;

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