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Assessing advances and challenges in technical education in Brazil (Английский)

The report is organized as follows. Chapter one presents an overview of the general education system in Brazil and contextualizes Vocational and Technical Education and Training (VET) within the broader system of education in Brazil. Chapter two describes the VET system in detail: the different modalities and tracks in which VET programs are offered; a typology of technical education courses; modes of delivery; the main VET providers; the specifics of each provider; eligibility criteria, the VET regulatory framework, and the certification of courses; teacher selection in VET; the financing of VET; and the existing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system for VET, as well as the new expansion under National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment (PRONATEC). Throughout this discussion, the report focuses more specifically on technical education at the upper secondary level. Chapter three identifies five strategic areas in which there is great potential for improvements for technical education in the short and medium term. Specifically, it discusses the importance of aligning technical education with the needs of the labor market; takes a closer look at the strengths and weaknesses of the monitoring and evaluation system for VET in Brazil; builds on the importance of M&E and highlights the current state of disseminating this information to students, parents, and other stakeholders and providing career guidance for students; discusses the quality and relevance of VET in Brazil, including qualifications frameworks as well as steps to improve the cadre of teachers and trainers for VET; looks at VET from the viewpoint of its potential to contribute to innovation, growth, and productivity in the country; and discusses the implications for PRONATEC, focusing particularly on considerations for reaching the most vulnerable in Brazil.

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