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Tajikistan - Farm Privatization Support Project (Английский)

The Tajikistan Farm Privatization Support Project has a satisfactory outcome, is likely to be sustainable, and has a modest institutional development impact. The performances of both the Bank and the Borrower are satisfactory. The lessons cited concerned: using a dedicated project management unit; the need for active intervention by Ministers and high level officials to push through changes that were unpopular at the lower echelons of Government; establishing credit facilities even though the legal and regulatory had not yet sufficiently evolved; the demonstration value of the land registration component; and difficulties in adapting former soviet administrative structures to serve private clients at the grass Roots. In regard to the latter, the weakest aspect of the project has been the inability to institutionalize more effectively the delivery of farm information services. That is mostly due to the fact that the current structure of the agricultural ministry is on the one hand under-funded to effectively fulfill its mandate and, not suited for the delivery of farm information to the grassroots. The Government needs to revisit its agricultural policy and the institutional instruments through which it will develop the sector. Its institutions should be reorganized to better be able to serve the emerging private sector, and shift from a command and control structure focusing on production targets to a regulatory and policy body which lays the proper incentives to foster the development of the agricultural sector. Such a structure would concentrate more efforts on its ability to deliver information and guidance to the producer at the grassroots and involve consultation with the private sector in forming policies and guidelines.

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