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Understanding the Socioeconomic Conditions of the Stateless Shona Community in Kenya : Results from the 2019 Socioeconomic Survey (Английский)

Statelessness is a global challenge affecting millions of people who face multiple legal and socioeconomic deprivations that can last for generations. At least 4.2 million people live in statelessness (UNHCR 2020). "The very nature of statelessness means it is difficult to determine exactly how many people are affected, or at risk," and therefore, the true number could be three times higher (United Nations 2018). Without a nationality or citizenship, individuals are often denied access to basic human rights, such as education, health, documentation, employment, marriage, and freedom of movement. As one-third of the known stateless population are children and young adults, without remedying their statelessness, this population is sentenced to a lifetime of social and economic deprivations. Pursuant to its mandate to identify, prevent, and reduce statelessness, UNHCR and the Government of Kenya have initiated steps to resolve statelessness in the country— however, socioeconomic data gaps hinder efforts to design targeted policy interventions. UNHCR has set out the Global Action Plan to End Statelessness: 2014–2024, and launched the #IBelong Campaign, resulting in the acquisition or confirmation of the nationality of more than 166,000 stateless persons. As part of these efforts, UNHCR and the Government of Kenya (GoK) initiated a series of steps to address statelessness in the country. Such efforts have resulted in a pledge to ensure the protection of stateless persons, the naturalization of the Makonde community, and an agreement to naturalize qualifying members of the Shona community. However, scarce socioeconomic information of stateless populations that is comparable to nationals prevents a deeper understanding of their living conditions, hence hindering efforts to design targeted policy aimed at solving statelessness. The Shona SES provides comparable socioeconomic profiles for the Shona community and nationals, while contributing toward informing a targeted response to address the socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic. Together with the Department of Immigration Services (DIS) and the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) of the GoK, UNHCR Kenya, with technical support from the World Bank, conducted a preregistration exercise and socioeconomic survey for the Shona community. The Shona SES marks one of the first quantitative studies of a stateless population that is based on a national socioeconomic assessment tool. The SES compares the living conditions of the Shona community residing in Nairobi and urban Kiambu counties to the conditions of Kenyan nationals in such counties, as well as to the national urban average. This approach does not attempt to establish a causal connection between their legal status and living conditions. It does, however, provide evidence that shows strong correlations between statelessness, access to rights, and key indicators of well-being. In addition, the SES links its findings to the results of the first wave of the Kenya COVID-19 Rapid Response Phone Surveys (RRPS) designed to assess the socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on nationals, refugees, and stateless persons.

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  • Автор

    Nimoh,Florence Nana Pokuaah, Beltramo,Theresa Parrish, Fix,Jedediah Rooney, Appler,Felix Konstantin, Pape,Utz Johann, Rios Rivera,Laura Abril

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    Africa East,

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  • Название документа

    Understanding the Socioeconomic Conditions of the Stateless Shona Community in Kenya : Results from the 2019 Socioeconomic Survey

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    stateless person; national protection; access to basic service; access to health facility; low labor force participation; Below the Poverty Line; higher level of education; access to secondary education; access to drinking water; civil and political right; national poverty line; Access to Education; poverty gap; freedom of movement; urban national; secondary school attendance; job-related skill; national urban poverty; basic human right; million people; household budget survey; sanitation and hygiene; inclusive economic growth; high literacy rate; low poverty rate; high opportunity cost; primary school attendance; change in revenue; international poverty line; human rights violation; fundamental human right; human capital development; measure of poverty; health care facility; Early Childhood Development; distribution of population; certificate of registration; data collection activity; module on education; level of consumption; country of origin; proportionate poverty gap; household and individual; total consumption expenditure; depth of poverty; proportion of girl; working age population; household dependency ratio; health care facilities; lower literacy rate; secondary school-age child; human rights treaty; income generating opportunity; children and youth; direct government intervention; sense of identity; international legal framework; right to citizenship; formal labor market; socioeconomic impact; socioeconomic data; living condition; birth registration; socioeconomic conditions; poverty headcount; poverty severity; birth certificate; socioeconomic survey; employment rate; household size; official language; socioeconomic profiles; gender distribution; secondary level; urban household; identity documents; living standard; formal employment; learning activity; first wave; educational achievement; demographic profile; population distribution; Gender Gap; electricity grid; study area; development policy; poverty calculation; economic deprivation; registration exercise; evidence-based policy; employment opportunity; population pyramid; forced displacement; improved sanitation; employment opportunities; Cash Transfer; affected population; toilet facility; political will; improved water; policy priority; adequate guarantees; gender imbalance; high share; national household; work permit; market needs; livelihood strategy; reference point; roofing material; civil registration; ethnic discrimination; assessment tool; urban population; affected persons; extreme poverty; administrative authority; health crises; enhancing access; nationality law; fundamental right; Higher Education; foreign national; headed household; legal formalities; school closure; socioeconomic development; positive impact; minority group; legal protection; attendance rate; higher literacy; fewer women; household bargaining; international instrument; equal access; large population; average household; increased access; financial service; small cities; school textbook; Land Ownership; children of ages; information campaign; high frequency; income loss; high poverty; international community; behavior change; monthly data; socioeconomic status; livelihood opportunity; standard error; urban level; small population; consumption module; coping mechanism; monetary poverty; Host Communities; household characteristic; housing condition; escape poverty; ethnic group; Coping Mechanisms; good information; informal employment; adult equivalent; great lakes; young adult; fewer child; national population; global knowledge; news reports; partnership program; limited information; knowledge gap; representative sample; eradicating poverty; collaborative work; household survey; diverse stakeholder; quantitative research; migration history; rough estimations; population census; non-governmental organization; sampling frame; working population; wash water

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