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China - Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban Environment Project (Английский)

Ratings for the Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban Environment Project for China were as follows: outcomes were moderately satisfactory; Global Environmental Objective (GEO) outcomes were moderately satisfactory; risk to development outcome was substantial; risk to GEO outcome was substantial; Bank performance was moderately satisfactory; and borrower performance was also moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned includes: Project Management Offices (PMO's) functions should be delegated to an entity which is relatively robust and has the capacity to coordinate with related government entities. The PMO should be well staffed and provided with sufficient financial support. Whenever Project Implementation Units (PIUs) delegate their owner's responsibility to other entities, they need to strengthen supervision on the work conducted by the delegated entities. The cost of land acquisition and ability to mount adequate, timely counterpart funding should be very realistically assessed during the site selection process in order to avoid lengthy, costly delays. The challenges of setting up a successful and effective institutional framework for the management and operation of the new facilities depends on possessing a broad knowledge of the market. To ascertain such knowledge, it is necessary to conduct a sound cost recovery analysis and to design realistic terms of reference for the private operator, if that route is chosen. In the wastewater sector, institutional changes take time, and the support provided needs to adequately capture the local context. For instance, the introduction of Private Sector Participation (PSP) requires a careful analysis of the various PSP modalities. From the technical point of view, it is important to carefully analyze influent wastewater characteristics and conduct accurate flow projections in order to optimize the design and technologies of Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs). When planning sewer networks construction, the budget, schedule and potential obstacles need to be realistically assessed, to ensure the entire wastewater treatment system can be completed in a timely manner. Being able to foresee and mitigate the main obstacles during construction of a sewer network is necessary to minimize public objection to construction and to secure temporary land use rights. Sludge management strategies should be developed according to the influent wastewater characteristics and potential reuse market or its final disposal method and locations. This will not only provide the plant operation more flexibility but it will also reduce operating costs. In doing so, adequate equipment selection and system operation including odor control should be planned early in project design.

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    Отчет о завершении и результатах проекта

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    Восточная Азия и страны Тихоокеанского региона,

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    China - Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban Environment Project

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    financial and private sector development;water quality monitoring activities;surface water quality standard;comprehensive monitoring and evaluation;hazardous waste treatment facility;economic and financial analysis;broad range of stakeholders;management of water resource;efficient use of resource;hazardous waste facility;quality at entry;Solid Waste Management;quality of supervision;wastewater treatment plant;hazardous waste fee;debt service costs;wastewater treatment capacity;resettlement action plan;internal control system;increase in land;assessment of outcome;central government program;public service provision;operations and maintenance;large marine ecosystem;water and wastewater;quality assurance group;net present value;water supply company;biochemical oxygen demand;poor financial management;bank procurement procedure;cost of collection;inventory of asset;city environmental infrastructure;international good practice;source of income;living standard survey;disposal of sludge;social and institutional;water quality objective;source income;ambient air quality;economies of scale;source of pollution;improved water quality;bank's procurement guidelines;urban environmental service;Water Resource Management;Natural Resource Management;private sector service;hazardous waste management;drinking water supply;water quality management;implementation of reform;water quality data;department of finance;outputs by components;assessment of risk;pollution control policy;amount of debt;wastewater treatment facility;average incremental cost;private sector operator;procurement capacity assessment;institutional framework;sewerage network;domestic wastewater;industrial wastewater;environmental problem;wastewater sector;bank finance;institutional strengthening;regional planning;discharge standard;waste sector;pollution load;land acquisition;contract management;mitigation measure;environmental condition;urban development;municipal cooperation;project intervention;financial covenant;bank involvement;environmental monitoring;sewer network;financial projection;ineligible expenditures;river system;wastewater facility;secure landfill;private operator;counterpart funding;social safeguard;metropolitan area;data sharing;land price;water pollution;civil works;public consultation;primary author;trunk sewer;bank assistance;organic load;cash compensation;wastewater tariff;project finance;environmental health;automatic monitoring;pollution source;single source;environmental standard;environmental issue;water bodies;sludge production;organic pollution;government fund;pump station;sludge drying;sludge management;waste components;overseas training;sludge handling;site selection;mitigation strategy;sector priorities;adequate provision;operational expense;regulatory system;consultative meeting;regional wastewater;intended beneficiary;environmental indicator;wastewater component;affected villages;land compensation;transparent procedure;housing construction;construction phase;wastewater volume;prior review;construction engineering;project accounting;construction technique;technical expertise;resettlement monitoring;monitoring data;environmental regulation;external monitoring;Environmental Policy;suspended solid;wastewater company;financing instrument;information center;total phosphorus;sewerage treatment;water affairs;water investment;regional collaboration;individual assessment;management consultant;engineering company;financial viability;management capacity;municipal department;financial planning;illegal dumping;public health;ground water;administrative boundary;quality information;consulting service;social issue;stakeholder participation;participatory consultations;involuntary resettlement;environmental challenge;Urban Transit;inadequate water;government priority;financial sustainability;wastewater service;financial cost;disposal cost;water value;external partner;Exchange Rates;industrial effluent;basin management;company performance;pilot initiatives

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