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Mainstreaming Disruptive Technologies in Energy (Английский)

The development community needs innovative ways to collect systematic and geographically precise data about electrified regions to identify focus areas where collective actions from policymakers and other stakeholders can make a real and lasting impact on electricity access. While electrification efforts have been mostly successful in several parts of Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the largest deficit: according to the same report, 573 million people - more than one in two - lack access to electricity. The global urban-rural chasm in access also remains wide, with almost 87 percent of the world’s population without electricity living in rural areas. Measuring electrification is rather complex given the differences in methodologies adopted by leading organizations such as the World Bank (WB) and the International Energy Agency (IEA). The IEA energy access database sources data where possible from government-reported values for household electrification (usually based on utility connections), supplemented with a new measurement of off-grid access. While each of these traditional approaches gives different and important quantifications of electrification, they do not represent geographical coverage or evolution across time adequately. A third way, complementary to the two traditional approaches, has been emerged thanks to the use of nighttime satellite imagery and development of data processing technologies and is the primary subject of this report.

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