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The social dimensions of adjustment in Africa : a policy agenda (Английский)

The focus of adjustment programs has changed during the past few years, involving a growing concern for integrating measures to reduce poverty into the adjustment process itself. This goes beyond a more limited policy approach that seeks to protect or mitigate the transitional costs of adjustment on various population groups. The policy focus of the Social Dimensions of Adjustment (SDA) initiative consists of helping three categories of socioeconomic groups : a) the chronic poor; b) the new poor and c) other vulnerable groups. The key policy problem is how to assist these poor and vulnerable groups without causing distortions in economic mechanisms that threaten the maintenance of economic discipline. The policy framework of SDA country level assistance is based on four areas : 1) improved macro and sectoral policy management; 2) social action programs to help vulnerable socioeconomic groups; 3) strengthened national information systems for enhanced policy and program formulation; and 4) institutional development to sustain social dimensions in future policymaking. These measures offer a range of possible kinds of assistance, which can help promote the common objective of fully integrating social dimensions into day to day decisionmaking at all levels of government. In this manner, participating countries will be able to move toward meeting the goals of sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction.

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    African Development Bank United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

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    The social dimensions of adjustment in Africa : a policy agenda

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    social dimension;adjustment program;structural adjustment program;process of adjustment;macro policies;macro policy;vulnerable group;women in development;public finance strategy;terms of trade;poverty reduction program;national information systems;social action program;negative income shock;long-term poverty reduction;Public Enterprise Reform;household survey data;urban informal sector;long-term economic growth;quality of care;public expenditure decision;control of expenditures;rural labor market;international donor community;gross national product;exchange rate change;poverty reduction objective;primary health care;private sector operator;per capita income;Public Finance Management;market interest rate;agricultural price policy;sectoral adjustment loan;economic policy formulation;structural adjustment loan;ex ante assessment;human capital stock;domestic economic policy;household living standard;poverty reduction policy;impact of adjustment;Exchange rate policies;exchange rate policy;family planning assistance;ownership of land;local nongovernmental organization;adjustment policy;adjustment process;chronic poor;household level;adjustment measure;economic reform;economic crisis;social indicator;social effect;public policy;export earnings;economic recovery;budget procedure;Public Goods;poor household;productive asset;ultra poor;Health Service;rural area;analytical techniques;financial flow;economic mainstream;Macroeconomic Policy;short-term measures;living condition;international community;Rural Sector;incentive structure;policy tool;social policies;social policy;teaching material;institution building;multilateral donor;macroeconomic balance;income transfer;poverty profile;population pressure;expenditure reduction;budgetary cut;budget system;participating country;donor agencies;information base;core service;smallholder farmer;household income;budgetary allocation;land distribution;small farmer;credit initiative;long-term growth;dislocated worker;rural family;minimum level;capital program;local artisans;core objectives;government revenue;social concern;consumption level;community survey;community initiative;policy study;product market;statistical data;poor farming;scarcity value;targeted subsidy;employment program;domestic demand;sectoral expenditure;delivery mechanism;quality good;production input;data gaps;urban consumer;budget reform;statistical service;targeted food;malaria control;consumer good;consumer goods;input use;subsistence farmer;food price;socioeconomic studies;poverty group;Political Economy;supply efficiency;effective action;food production;income support;primary income;poverty respond;negative shock;household welfare;social need;national economy;natural disaster;adjustment period;poor health;economic shock;price reform;political commitment;choice open;long-term sustainability;household behavior;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;macro strategy;standard investment;adjustment package;stabilization program;poverty consideration;external financing;administrative capacity;foreign borrowing;copyright notice;noncommercial purposes;classroom use;african nations;political resolve;international collaboration;commercial trade;Natural Resources;aggregate supply;International Trade;service capacity;world economy;investment program;Child Health;civil strife;displaced person;resource base;social crisis;net private;short-term adjustment;stabilization measure;time horizon;export sector;relative price;wage employment;rural worker;natural forest;market impediments;pricing policy;social participation;scarce resource;long-term interest;development partner;adjustment strategy;social condition;national institutional;economic statistic;economic hardship;environment strategy;housing authority;government spending;urban sector;food distribution;socioeconomic data;social objective;macroeconomic framework;macroeconomic adjustment;compensatory action;social infrastructure;institutional condition;household expenditure;urban wage

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