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Nicaragua sustainable charcoal production in the Chinandega Region Emergency Project : Sustainable charcoal production in Posoltega following Hurricane Mitch (Английский)

The Charcoal Emergency Project took place from January to June 1999 in the Tololar community, Posoltega, Nicaragua. The objective of the project was to "harvest" (or collect) the logs and trees that fell and were washed away in the Posoltega area during hurricane Mitch and the flood it caused, and to use this wood to make charcoal. Consequently the purpose was to generate employment and income for people affected by the hurricane. Charcoal production took place using traditional earth kilns, and 46 Posoltega producers were targeted for the project. The Project was carried out in unstable conditions because the people affected had not resecured their homes, jobs, and food supply. Despite this negative context, people eventually supported the project because they identified a source of income in charcoal production. Charcoal was made in traditional earth kilns and people were assured in food for six months with support from World Food Program of the UNDP (Programa Mundial de Alimentos, or PMA). This final report describes the project development, the problems encountered, and the goals achieved over a period of six months (January to June 1999). Notably, the project met about 90 percent of its goals in production charcoal, employment, and income generation. This is particularly important because this is the first time Nicaragua has had a project to promote new techniques in an emergency context.

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