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China - Third National Highway Project (Hubei) : environmental action plans and impact assessments (Vol. 2) (Английский)

This report is comprised of environmental action plans and impact assessments concerning the Third National Road Project in Hubei province, part of the "two longitudinal and two lateral" national highway networks China's State Council has planned to build by the year 2000. Measures for environmental protection cover the design, construction, and operational periods of the project. In the design stage, measures call for: reducing farmland occupation; keeping the road aloof from environmentally sensitive areas; taking into account flood discharge and control without damaging the local farmland irrigation system; restraining land acquisition and arranging resettlement for displaced persons to maintain living standards and agricultural production levels; and avoiding discharging water from the drainage system directly into fish ponds near the road. During the construction period, mitigating measures involve: reducing temporary land use as much as possible, shortening the occupation time, and timely returning the land for original use; protecting wild animals and plants, and reducing forest loss; using the construction materials of earth, sand, and stone, to minimize wastes; for the earth borrowing pit, planting or using engineering measures, such as building earthslide slopes compacted appropriately and reinforced by stones, limestones, retaining walls, with turf and climber planted, to prevent soil erosion; limiting work hours at night to reduce noise in residential areas; covering stored and transported materials to prevent spillage, and sprinkling sites to minimize dust; building temporary drainage systems to discharge wastes instead of diverting wastes into water bodies; regularly collecting and disposing of solid wastes; leveling and planting over waste disposal sites with trees and vegetation; well-managed quarry production will reduce over-excavating the stone material, so as to reduce soil erosion in the quarry area; and providing garbage bins and facilities to treat sewage and wastes discharge. During the operational period, adhering to regulations about transporting dangerous goods and discharging harmful materials into water bodies will reduce accidents and harm to sensitive areas; road pavement runoff on subgrade and farmland will be mitigated by building drainage systems; to prevent the side slope from being eroded by catch water, catchment wells, catch water drains, culverts, and ditch drains alongside the road will be built; for road sections that are superelevated, the number of median openings will be increased to accelerate drainage; chutes should be added at concave curves of road embankments and the vicinity of the structures to protect farmland from being damaged by running water; road checks to ban the use of vehicles with overage emissions, encouraging advanced emission cleaning technology and devices, use of unleaded gasoline, and traffic control will combine to reduce polluting emissions; a greenbelt will be established to protect surrounding communities from traffic pollutants; regular cleaning will be done at both sides of the road to ensure that water flow is being discharged smoothly; polluted water treatment facilities will be added; and noise barriers will include heightened, enclosed walls with reinforced windows and doors.

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    Hubei Provincial Communication Administration, Wuhan, China Shanghai Ship & Shipping Research Institute ResearchInstitute of Highways China

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    China - Third National Highway Project (Hubei) : environmental action plans and impact assessments

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    aquatic ecology;effective emission;bridge site;air pollutant;study area;gross output;production base;flow rate;wind direction frequency;reference sound level;dust pollution;water quality standard;types of vehicle;gross national product;environmental impact statement;annual mean temperature;wind velocity;construction site;bridge construction;environmental protection measures;ground water level;environmental air quality;concentration of pollutant;heat release rate;soil erosion rate;cash crop production;air pollution impact;traffic noise level;vehicle traffic flow;drinking water source;water quality monitoring;model prediction;development of railway;mineral raw material;economic development plan;health of people;municipal infrastructure facility;vehicles per day;negative environmental impact;international financial organization;environmental protection law;adverse environmental impact;urban traffic congestion;areas of culture;light vehicle;national highway;residential area;noise value;vehicle exhaust;construction period;exhaust gas;prevailing wind;construction machinery;aquatic animal;concrete pavement;Rural Industry;vehicle type;water transport;construction material;noise impact;flying dust;Dry land;sea level;hilly area;noise assessment;measuring point;benefit analysis;annual rainfall;highway construction;construction stage;traffic load;assessment result;daily daily;socio-economic development;mixed layer;express highway;wind rose;grade separation;rural area;transport network;railway transportation;environmental target;water course;environmental ecology;bridge length;aquatic insect;road base;inland water;local area;fund raising;concrete pump;mitigation measure;transportation network;water pollution;road transport;satellite town;Animal Husbandry;industrial enterprise;irrigated land;reference price;freshwater fish;water flow;reference point;land surface;water plant;migratory fish;agricultural output;assessment standard;farming output;public transportation mode;transport mode;heavy traffic;water surface;vibration level;transport capacity;air environment;provincial highway;short distance;gully erosion;ground surface;water science;engineering analysis;geographical location;construction scale;road length;vehicle design;flood frequency;Traffic Control;frame structure;lane width;environmental noise;boundary layer;pollutant concentration;diffusion coefficient;gas emission;moving vehicle;water area;source pollution;pollutant emission;organic material;flood period;railway development;freight transportation;suburban area;international airport;field survey;dense population;living condition;foundation construction;land excavation;machinery noise;ecological loss;research fellow;hilly land;climatic zone;low temperature;heavy rain;monsoon season;engineering responsibility;quality assessment;food resource;small villages;poisonous substance;ph value;concrete mixer;loud noise;assessment method;total traffic;noise barrier;noise intensity;large mammal;ecological impact;peak value;smoke pollution;container truck;road structure;tar concrete;expert opinion;air compressor;water sample;pavement structure;sound wave;monitoring arrangement;construction road;research base;impact prediction;offshore area;small fish;coastal area;large lakes;vegetation coverage;dry weather;prevention measures;asphalt pavement;noise pollution;vehicle transport;daily average;transport distance;secondary road;income capita;soil layer;pollutant discharge;production capacity;construction process;broadleaf forest;integrated development;noise monitoring;river channel;physical education;remote village;industry structure;preferential policies;advanced technology;agricultural structure;cotton production;transport volume;traffic network;high concentration;sampling frequency;water low;cultural centre;average wind;long wave;surface temperature;minimum temperature;temperature change;temperature rise;maximum rainfall;chemical conversion;water volume;urban districts;surplus labor

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