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Private sector response to the absence of government institutions in Somalia (Английский)

Civil war erupted in Somalia following the fall of the autocratic regime of Siad Barre in 1991. Peace was established to varying degrees in the different regions of Somalia. The civil war first abated in the Northwest (1994), and subsequently in the Northeast (1998). Lastly, and less so, in the central and southern parts, with limited and sporadic hostilities still occurring in Mogadishu. The past year has seen a worsening of the peace and security situation in the Northwest specifically, and across the country. The study is based on 31 interviews with most major companies representing each of the significant industrial sectors in the country, based in Northwest Somalia (e.g. Daallo, Dahabshiil, STG), Northeast Somalia (Amal, Somtel), and south Somalia and Mogadishu (Damal, Jubba, Towfiiq), as well as businessmen based in Dubai and Nairobi. In addition to entrepreneurs, the study has benefited from discussion and advice from Somali lawyers, the Chairmen of all major Somali industry associations, the Chairman of the Somali business council, locally active Non-Government Organisation (NGOs), and International Financial Institutions (IFIs) including United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and European Commission (EC). In certain sections, the study focuses on the experience of a particular region; however, most findings and conclusions can be extended to the entire country.

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  • Название документа

    Private sector response to the absence of government institutions in Somalia

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    Civil War;property right;access to health facility;quality of health care;quality health care;access to safe water;regulatory burden on business;Letter of Credit;private sector solution;amount of cash;money transfer operation;Rule of Law;public goods provision;absence of regulation;risk of corruption;private solutions;family back home;money transfer system;centrally planned economy;cargo handling equipment;Real Estate Law;dispute resolution mechanism;money transfer mechanism;pure public good;quality of care;source of funding;foreign exchange market;primary school teacher;official entry age;air traffic controller;population with access;private service provision;private sector response;foreign investment law;procurement of equipment;lack of property;per capita income;public sector subsidy;International Phone Call;joint stock company;adult illiteracy rate;access to sanitation;access to water;sum of money;health delivery system;real estate development;local bank account;source of financing;lack of regulation;cash in return;Electricity;industry association;market failure;livestock trader;state involvement;livestock export;land transport;travelers checks;government regulation;remittance company;water provision;contract enforcement;electricity provision;construction material;electricity companies;economic recovery;remote village;safety regulation;road maintenance;institutional building;enforcement capacity;Private School;state capture;exchange rate;private entity;foreign trade;foreign currency;business community;resource mobilization;telecom company;international call;consumer goods;business administration;gross enrollment;livestock sector;airline industry;safety standard;international partners;bargaining power;government failure;rural area;support system;traditional beliefs;household income;written agreement;Exchange Rates;urban water;airport service;state functions;commercial dispute;judicial service;market outcome;Population Density;telephone service;foreign branch;taxation system;market inefficiency;extreme poverty;million people;contractual relation;scarce resource;international standard;Education Services;socio-economic survey;political positions;state fund;local initiative;industrial tariff;private property;income rise;construction boom;market information;construction services;cash holding;profit sharing;basic good;severely limits;traditional clan;moral hazard;market place;money home;gender balance;young child;opportunity cost;smaller towns;town market;electric meter;industry player;telephone cables;telephone company;veterinary medicine;traffic information;air route;public health;nomadic population;formal court;court system;accounting procedure;court official;judicial system;legal system;urban population;large town;rural water;Commercial Law;medical association;business relation;civil conflict;trade links;colonial times;livestock market;advance payment;civil unrest;lasting peace;Company Law;telecoms industry;voluntary association;customary law;land purchase;qualified personnel;large enterprise;unresolved dispute;consumer confidence;university degree;school head;primary schooling;consumer protection;foreign airline;passenger flight;mechanical engineer;commercial aviation;government regime;international flight;domestic service;daily flights;private airline;weather information;police force;efficient market;trade credit;inadequate regulation;livestock purchase;product standard;public security;extended family;religious reasons;private donations;private initiative;private individuals;runway lights;educational institution;business lending;company regulations;financial service;drug quality;financial reporting;family size;kinship relations;religious significance;basic equipment;shopping experience;international recognition;bearing deposit;consumer lending;car loan;remittance money;diagnostic facility;vulnerable group;somali shilling;business conglomerate;rural trade;private exchange;household good;short-term financing

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