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Linking African smallholders to high-value markets : practitioner perspectives on benefits, constraints, and interventions (Английский)

This paper provides the results of an international survey of practitioners with experience in facilitating the participation of African smallholder farmers in supply chains for higher-value and/or differentiated agricultural products. It explores their perceptions about the constraints inhibiting and the impacts associated with this supply chain participation. It also examines their perceptions about the factors affecting the success of project and policy interventions in this area, about how this success is and should be measured, and about the appropriate roles for national governments, the private sector, and development assistance entities in facilitating smallholder gains in this area. The results confirm a growing 'consensus' about institutional roles, yet suggest some ambiguity regarding the impacts of smallholder participation in higher-value supply chains and the appropriateness of the indicators most commonly used to gauge such impacts. The results also suggest a need to strengthen knowledge about both the 'old' and 'new' sets of constraints (and solutions) related to remunerative smallholder inclusion, in the form of the rising role of standards alongside more long-standing concerns about infrastructure and logistical links to markets.

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  • Автор

    Blandon, Jose, Cranfield,John Andrea Lionel, Henson,Spencer, Jaffee,Steven M., Siegel,Paul Bennett

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  • Название документа

    Linking African smallholders to high-value markets : practitioner perspectives on benefits, constraints, and interventions

  • Ключевые слова

    international food policy research institute;supply chain;farmer;rural transportation infrastructure;inadequate rural transport infrastructure;smallholder participation;access to technical assistance;Policy and Institutional Framework;gross value of sales;access to finance;supply chain management;global value chain;frequency of use;lack of infrastructure;impact of intervention;participation of woman;Business Advisory Service;standard of living;rural market infrastructure;Natural Resource Management;change in supply;access to capital;return on investment;international development agency;Public Sector Organizations;delivery of product;division of labor;local government authority;food safety standard;public sector capacity;food crop production;pattern of specialization;application of principle;enforcement of regulation;Supply Chain Development;poverty reduction target;capacity of farmer;compliance with standard;flow of knowledge;selection of respondent;reduction of poverty;increase in income;direct market participant;agricultural and food;structural adjustment program;flow of information;access to asset;change in income;country development objective;incidence of poverty;enhancement of productivity;choice of indicators;national government agency;private sector responsibility;efforts of governments;factor of production;patterns of participation;economies of scale;food crop productivity;transaction cost;component analysis;environmental sustainability;farmer organization;agricultural economics;target market;market information;contract farming;market requirement;smallholder farmer;small farmer;principal component;raw material;bargaining power;agricultural income;sampling frame;land holding;Land tenure;Advisory services;project intervention;level of industry organisation;market intermediary;market opportunity;household labor;external condition;working capital;contract enforcement;local condition;market capacity;technical expertise;commercial contract;legal framework;household welfare;retail distribution;productivity gain;risk exposure;export trade;multilateral donor;financial risk;improved technologies;supply side;survey respondent;standards certification;prevailing standard;transport service;worker health;positive impact;smallholder production;farm productivity;horticultural product;agricultural growth;supply base;market development;poverty alleviation;international market;family labor;farmer income;creating markets;measure of use;enabling environment;farm enterprise;empirical issue;adverse weather;Gender Equality;input supply;rainy season;Rural Poor;communication services;market failure;production area;social condition;market demand;infrastructural development;private investment;macroeconomic condition;social standing;farmer mobilization;producer area;commercial relationship;economic research;policy planning;private entrepreneur;smallholder support;institutional constraint;public good;neutral position;ownership structure;present study;horticultural sector;market change;production level;production technique;commodity market;enhancing competitiveness;Enterprise Development;cash crop;business skill;income gain;effective capacity;agricultural resource;farming system;supply response;export horticulture;food commodity;nutritional effect;multinational corporation;business strategy;african farmer;agricultural household;farm profitability;transition strategy;government entity;agricultural product;security situation;fresh vegetable;smallholder income;export supply;market supply;consumer demand;enforcement institution;community level;rural livelihood;local knowledge;core indicator;Road Networks;external agencies;commercial production;local interest;financial contribution;property right;dynamic markets;procurement system;commodity price;enhancing access;Farmers' Organizations;cultivable land;rejection rate;limited capacity;Cash flow;business culture;commercial skill;participation base;competitive price;grey literature;initial listing

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