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Cameroon - Agriculture Investment and Market Development Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Cadre de gestion environnementale et sociale : version finale (Французский)

The PIDMA (Project for Investment and the Development of Agricultural Markets in Cameroon) is jointly funded by the World Bank and Cameroon in order to improve the commitments of the government to make production inputs accessible and available (land, infrastructure, water, loans, agricultural inputs), to promote access to technological innovations and to develop the competitiveness of cooperatives/small and medium size agricultural processing enterprises (PMEA). The project shall have a national scope and special emphasis shall be laid on production basins with significant agricultural potential. Corn, cassava, and sorghum production are vulnerable to pests and diseases that can affect them at any stage of their production chain. In order to preserve yields, such threats must be dealt with. This fight requires a range of techniques and means selected based on their compliance with the law and their financial impact on the cost of production. However the most commonly used means include chemical pesticides which, due to their toxicity are usually risky for the environment and human health. Potential negative environmental impacts of this project are likely to include: (i) water and soil pollution, increased use of pesticides and herbicides as well as agro-processing activities; (ii) deforestation and water pollution due to land clearing; (iii) soil erosion due to poor agricultural practices; (iv) loss of vegetation due to agricultural lands extension and access road rehabilitation; (v) loss of fauna due poaching activities; and (vi) pressures on natural resources.

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