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Education sector policy : Test (Английский)

This paper takes a look at the problem of education, and shows that the educational systems in developing countries are all too often ill-conceived and are not adapted to their developmental needs. Among the questions this paper raises, and attempts to answer, are: How can educational systems be reshaped to help the poorest segments of society? How can education contribute to rural development, and thus respond to the needs and aspirations of the vast majority of the poor living in the villages? How can educational opportunities be made more equal in order to promote social mobility in countries where educational systems have hitherto favored the urban dwellers and the relatively rich? The paper consists of three parts. The first part describes worldwide trends in educational development during the period from 1950 to 1970. The second part summarizes the state of education throughout the world at the beginning of the 1970s and sets forth issues and problems which confront developing countries, together with different policies which might enter into their development strategies. The third part deals with the education lending policies and programs of the World Bank and International Development Association (IDA).

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